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Kidney stones are formed in the urinary tract as a result of the crystallization of chemical compounds present in the urine. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a highly effective technique employed to eliminate specific stones located in the kidney or upper ureter, which cannot be effectively treated using alternative methods like shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy.


PCNL serves as a crucial intervention for the removal of large stones that cannot be adequately addressed through other stone treatment approaches. By utilizing this technique, urologists can successfully extract these challenging stones from the kidney or upper ureter, ensuring the restoration of normal urinary flow and alleviating associated symptoms.


The procedure involves making a small incision in the patient's back, through which a specialized instrument called a nephroscope is inserted. This allows the urologist to visualize the stone and precisely target it for removal. The stone is then fragmented using various techniques, such as laser or ultrasound, and extracted through the nephroscope.


PCNL is particularly advantageous for patients with larger stones, as it offers a higher success rate compared to alternative treatments. Additionally, it minimizes the risk of complications and reduces the need for multiple procedures, ultimately leading to a faster recovery and improved quality of life for the patient.


PCNL is a sophisticated and effective technique employed by urologists to address kidney or upper ureter stones that are too large for other treatment methods. Its ability to precisely target and remove these challenging stones makes it an invaluable tool in the field of urology, providing patients with a reliable solution to their urinary tract complications.